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Black coral occurrences on the Azores shelves (central north Atlantic) from 1991 to 2019
Citable as data publication
Tempera F.; Sinde-Mano A.L.; Gomes Pereira J.N.; Atchoi E.; de Matos V.; Santos S.V.; Milla-Figueras D.; Das D.; Graça G.; Fontes J.; Bates R.; Ribeiro P.; Afonso P.; IMAR-Institute of Marine Research, University of the Azores, Portugal; (2021): Black coral occurrences on the Azores shelves (central north Atlantic) from 1991 to 2019.
Contact: Tempera, Fernando ; Afonso, Pedro

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Black corals are antipatharian corals that occur from sublittoral to abyssal depths on hard, mixed and soft substrates. Under favourable conditions, some black coral species form dense stands known as black coral gardens which create habitat for a variety of associated species. more

Black coral occurrences are considered indicative of the presence of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems according to the International Guidelines for the Management of Deep-Sea Fisheries in the High Seas (FAO, 2009). Furthermore, their international trade is regulated under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species because of concerns about the effects of black coral extraction on the fragile habitats they form. Dense stands of Antipathes wollastoni, Tanacetipathes sp., Antipathes furcata and Antipathella subpinnata have been observed on the Azores shelves but knowledge on their distribution and the assemblages they form is scarce. This dataset compiles black coral occurrences from sublittoral surveys conducted across the Azores archipelago (NE Atlantic) between 1991 and 2019. Sampling concentrated on island shelf and margin settings and was conducted using a variety of platforms: (i) two small remote operated vehicles (a VideoRay Explorer micro-ROV and a SeaBotix LBV300S-6 mini-ROV); (ii) two custom-made drop-down cameras built from Tritech MD4000, GoPro Hero3+ and GitUp Git 2 cameras; and (iii) SCUBA diving using both conventional and closed-circuit systems. The compilation comprises 2353 presences and absences identified at depths ranging between 3m and 264 m. Acknowledgements: To the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology for grants and individual contracts awarded to Fernando Tempera (refs: SFRH/BD/12885/2003, SFRH/BPD/79801/2011), V. de Matos (SFRH/BD/86390/2012) and P. Afonso (IF/01640/2015) and Okeanos Strategic Program. To projects MARÉ (Life-Nature B4-3200/98/509), OGAMP (INTERREG IIIb— MAC/4.2/A2 2001), MARMAC (INTERREG IIIb—03/MAC/4.2/A2 2004), POOC São Miguel – Costa Norte, CoralFish (EC-FP7ENV/2007/1/213144), CORAZON (FCT/PTDC/MAR/72169/2006), MARFOR (EC-BIODIVERSA/004/2015), PLATMAR (FCT/PTDC/GEO-GEO/0051/2014) and Mission Atlantic (EC H2020-LC-BG-08-2018) for funding surveys throughout the archipelago and work by F. Tempera, J.N. Gomes Pereira, V. de Matos and D. Milla i Figueras. To the Azores Regional Government for funding the projects MoniZec, BALA, MoniZec-ARP and MONICO via the Regional Foundation for Science & Technology (DRCT/FRCT) and the Regional Directorate for Maritime Affairs (DRAM).

Biology > Benthos
Biota, Cameras, diver, Habitat types and species distribution and range (Habitats Directive), Habitats and biotopes, Local, No limitations to public access, Oceans, propelled unmanned submersible, Remotely operated vehicles, Scuba diving, ANE, Azores, EurOBIS calculated BBOX, Antipatharia

Geographical coverage
ANE, Azores [Marine Regions]
EurOBIS calculated BBOX Stations
Bounding Box
Coordinates: MinLong: -31,15; MinLat: 36,9 - MaxLong: -24,75; MaxLat: 39,65 [WGS84]

Temporal coverage
16 January 1991 - 7 September 2019

Taxonomic coverage
Antipatharia [WoRMS]



Institute of Marine Research (IMAR)data creatordata creatordata providertaxonomic editor
Tempera, Fernando
Afonso, Pedro
Sinde-Mano, Ana Luísa
Gomes-Pereira, José
Atchoi, Elizabeth
Matos, Valentina
Santos, Vanessa
Milla-Figueras, David
Das, Diya
Graca, Goncalo
Fontes, Jorge
Ribeiro, Pedro
University of St Andrews (USTAN)data creatorsponsor
Bates, Richard

Related datasets
Published in:
EurOBIS: European Ocean Biodiversity Information System, more

Mission Atlantic

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Monitoring: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2022-03-03
Information last updated: 2024-05-15
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